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Recommended Trees for Northeast Texas Area

- Suggested list for Mayor's 2015 Tree Tyler Initiative -

SMALL TREES (under 25 feet)

Crape Myrtle -Lagerstroemia spp; sun; deciduous; comes in many sizes and forms; hybrids, many with Indian names have powdery mildew resistance, attractive bark, showy blooms; 15 - 20' wide

Dogwood - Cornus florida; partial sun; deciduous; white and pink varieties; well-drained acid soil; give protection from full sun, difficult to establish; 15' - 20' wide symbole for native Texas plant

Fringetree - (Grancy Greybeard); Chionanthus virginicus; also C. retusus - Chinese Fringetree; sun to partial shade; deciduous; acid soil; 15' wide symbole for native Texas plant

Holly - Ilex spp; sun to shade; Yaupon Holly, I. vomitoria (evergreen); Possum Haw or Deciduous Holly, I. decidua (deciduous); only female plants bear fruit; 10' wide (both symbole for native Texas plant)

Japanese Black Pine - Pinus thunbergiana; sun; evergreen; 25' wide

Japanese Maple - Acer palmatum, A. japonicum; partial sun to high shade; deciduous; many cultivars with different forms, most with dramatic fall color; 10' - 15' wide

Magnolia: (deciduous types); sun to part shade; Saucer or Tulip Magnolia - M. soulangiana; Star Magnolia - M. stellata; and M. hybrids; (Little Girl cultivars); (evergreen type): M. grandiflora ‘Little Gem’ – very compact variety symbole for native Texas plant; 15' wide

Mexican PlumPrunus mexicana; sun; deciduous; symbole for native Texas plant

Redbud - Cercis canadensis; sun; deciduous; 'Oklahoma', ‘Forest Pansy’; ‘Avondale’ (C. chinensis); 15' - 25' wide symbole for native Texas plant

Vitex - (Lavender Tree); Vitex agnus-castus; sun; deciduous; lilac blooms; 15' wide

MEDIUM TREES (25 to 50 feet)

American Holly - Ilex opaca; sun to shade; evergreen; slow to moderate growth; only female plants bear fruit; 15' - 20' wide symbole for native Texas plant

Cedar ElmUlmus crassifolia; sun; deciduous; tolerates drought, heavy soils; 40’ – 60’ wide symbole for native Texas plant

Chinese Pistache - Pistacia chinensis; sun; deciduous; reliable fall color; Texas SuperStar; 30' - 40' wide

Crabapple - Malus spp; sun; deciduous; 20 to 25 feet; select disease resistant cultivars; 25' wide

Crape MyrtleLagerstroemia; Several cultivars attain heights of 25 – 30’ tall; look for hybrid varieties (many with Indian tribe names) with resistance to powdery mildew. 20’ – 30’ wide

Lacebark Elm - Ulmus parvifolia; sun to partial shade; deciduous; attractive bark; 35' - 50' wide

Magnolia - Magnolia spp; sun to partial shade; some M. grandiflora (Southern Magnolia) cultivars stay small symbole for native Texas plant; M. x soulangiana (Saucer or Tulip Magnolia); 15' - 40' wide

Maple, Red - Acer rubrum; sun; deciduous; beautiful fall color; 25' - 30' wide symbole for native Texas plant

Maple, other species - Acer barbatum (Texas Sugar Maple) symbole for native Texas plant, A. leucoderme (Chalk Maple) symbole for native Texas plant; A. truncatum (Shantung Maple); deciduous; sun; 25' - 30' wide

LARGE TREES (over 50 feet)

Bald Cypress - Taxodium distichum; sun; deciduous; tolerates wet soils; similar species – T. ascendens (Pond Cypress) & T. mucronatum (Monterrey Cypress); 30' - 40' wide symbole for native Texas plant

Blackgum - Nyssa sylvatica; sun; deciduous; fall color; tolerates wet soils, slow growing; 30' wide symbole for native Texas plant

Ginkgo - Ginkgo biloba; sun; deciduous; slow growing, brilliant yellow fall color; look for male (fruitless) varieties; 40' wide

Maple - Acer rubrum; sun; deciduous; Red Maple most common, Trident Red Maple and Drummond Red Maple frequently grown; A. barbatum - Southern Sugar Maple; 25' - 30' wide symbole for native Texas plant

Oaks - Quercus spp.; sun; many species - among highest rated are: Shumard Red Oak, Q. shumardii (deciduous); Live Oak, Q. virginiana (evergreen); Willow Oak, Q. phellos (deciduous); White Oak, Q. alba (deciduous); 40' - 70' wide symbole for native Texas plant

Pecan - Carya illinoensis; sun; deciduous; can be messy; look for recommended varieties; consider native, ungrafted trees; 40' - 60' wide symbole for native Texas plant

River Birch - Betula nigra; sun; deciduous; attractive peeling bark; ‘Heritage’ and improved variety; 30' – 60’ wide symbole for native Texas plant

Southern Magnolia - Magnolia grandiflora; sun to partial shade; evergreen; drops leaves all year; turf doesn’t’ grow underneath; consider leaving branches full to the ground; 30' - 50' wide symbole for native Texas plant

Sweetgum - Liquidamber styraciflua; sun; deciduous; 'Rotundiloba' is a fruitless variety; 30' – 50’ wide symbole for native Texas plant

Tulip Poplar - (Yellow Poplar); Liriodendron tulipifera; sun; deciduous; fast-growing; gets very large, needs room and good drainage; not for small properties; 30' - 50' wide symbole for native Texas plant 

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