PECANS IN EAST TEXAS
The Texas State tree, the pecan, is well suited for east Texas - and January
is the time to plant! A few pointers:
- Plant in deep soil - at least 3' deep sandy loam. Avoid rocky areas and
heavy clay. Pecan trees need full sun.
- Allow adequate room - minimum 30' to 35' in all directions. They grow big!
- Purchase either container grown trees or
bareroot trees. Buy from a respected local or Texas source.
- Good varieties for Smith County include:
Desirable, Kiowa, Choctaw, Cape Fear, Caddo and Cheyenne.
- The best time to plant is when the trees are dormant - so the roots can get
established before hot weather. Dig hole only as large as root system and refill
with original soil.
- Keep well watered, but be sure there is drainage underneath - 3 to 4" mulch
on top and about 3' diameter is ideal.
- Fertilize lightly first year. Use 21-0-0 (nitrogen) or similar fertilizer - apply
one cup per tree in June the first year; April, May and June in succeeding years.
Spread on soil away from trunk
- For best nut production with bearing age trees, add zinc as NZN (zinc
nitrate) or zinc sulfate as a spray at intervals during
- Consult Extension bulletin Home Pecan Production, for further
Your rewards will be a beautiful, bountiful, stately tree.
J.T. McKennon, Smith County Master Gardener
Texas AgriLife Extension Service
Fruits and Nuts Index
Gardening Tips For Northeast